Conference Author Instructions

General Guidelines

Conference papers are peer-reviewed before acceptance for presentation, and subsequent publication in the conference proceedings.
The ISSN number for the conference proceedings is 1905-8055.
Your paper must be received by our office no later than the date specified. For your paper to be published in the conference proceedings, at least one author must register and pay the registration fee before the date specified.
Early Bird discounts are usually available
1.    Your paper should be submitted by email to the conference organizers (e-mail address will be provided for each event) in Microsoft Word format (doc, docx). Please indicate clearly on the email subject line “AFBE Conference Paper SURNAME” and use the same name for the attached file.
2.  Once a conference paper is submitted and selected for presentation at an AFBE Conference, the AFBE then assumes copyright to that paper as far as publication is concerned.
Conference papers may be published in Conference Proceedings.
Papers submitted for presentation at an AFBE Conference and subsequently presented should not have been submitted for publication or have been published elsewhere. If the AFBE conference organizers become aware that a paper selected for presentation at an AFBE Conference has been previously published elsewhere or submitted for publication elsewhere, they will withdraw permission for it to be presented at an AFBE Conference.
3.    You should adhere to the following style guidelines precisely in order to ensure a consistent and high quality appearance without extensive additional editing.
[As indicated in the AFBE Journal section, the author/s of a conference paper may also submit their paper for publication in the AFBE Journal. If a conference paper is selected for journal publication, only the abstract of the paper will be published in the conference proceedings. Both members of the AFBE and non-members may submit conference papers.]

Style Guidelines

Title:       The TITLE should be bold, in ALL capitals and centered at the top of the first page. Use single spacing between title lines.
Font:    Please use New Times Roman font size 12 throughout.
Author(s):     Name(s) of the author(s), affiliation(s), and e-mail address, should be centered and single-spaced, beginning on the second line below the title. If there are more than one author appearing on the paper, use the same format and start on the second line below. Do not use academic titles, such as Professor or Dr. The title of the article, authors’ names and affiliations should not be underlined.

In the body of the paper, put et al. in italics (Four or more authors).

In the body of the paper, do not indicate the first name or initials of reference authors, only the family names, e.g. Smith and Jones (2011).

Do not use et al. in the reference list. You must put full names plus initials of each author.

Put 1 space between references in reference list, e.g.

Smith and Jones (2011) (plus reference details)

Wilson and Baker (2009) (plus reference details)

For journal articles in the reference list, you must indicate page numbers.

The first time an author uses “et al”, in the body of the paper, all authors’ family names need to be spell out. After that, “et al” should be used for all further references to that reference.

For a direct quotation in the body of the paper, you must indicate authors’ names and page number.

For electronic references, you must indicate when retrieved (by specific date, e.g. 1 February 2012).

In the reference list, references must be in alphabetical order by English family names, e.g.

Anderson (plus initials) (2012)

Bell (plus initials) (2008)

Crabtree and Smith (plus initials of each author) (2006)

If no author is indicated, the reference goes under the publisher’s name.

If no year of publication, (no year) after author’s family name and initials.
Start the paper with an abstract of no more than 100 words. The abstract text should be single spaced and italicized with the word ABSTRACT centered, bold and italicized in all caps above it.
Heading: FIRST-LEVEL HEADINGS should be centered and bold in all caps. Second-Level Headings should flush to the left margin and in title case (i.e. all words should begin with CAPS). Do not use any other headings.
Body: The body of the paper should be single-spaced. Use a FIRST-LEVEL HEADING after the ABSTRACT and before the first paragraph.
Paragraphs: All paragraphs should flush to the left margin and should be separated by a double space. Do not indent for paragraphs.
Margins: Please use 1″ for the left, the right, and the top margins. Use 1.5″ for the bottom margin. Page numbers should be at the bottom of the page and centered. Numbered endnotes consecutively and place them at the end of the body of the text and before REFERENCES. Do not use any headers or footers.
Length: As a guideline, submitted papers should be 12-20 pages in length (2,500-5,000 words) including references and appendices.
Quoted Materials: Please indent 5 spaces on both left and right margin for quoted materials of more than 3 lines presented in a new paragraph. Otherwise, use quotation marks for the quoted materials.
Spacing: All spacing should be done as follows. Use single space for the body of the paper. Use double space before and after FIRST¬LEVEL, Second-Level and TABLE/FIGURE HEADINGS, before and after the words APPENDIX and REFERENCES, after the word ABSTRACT, and between paragraphs. Use a triple space after the name of the last author before the word ABSTRACT.
Tables and Figures: Tables and figures should be placed as close as possible to the place where they are cited in the text. FIGURE/TABLE HEADINGS should be centered, in all caps, immediately above the table or figure. Tables and figures should be done in a professional manner and any figure(s) which cannot be printed out should be drawn with black ink on paper to meet the criterion of photo-reproduction. If separate files are used for figures/table, they must be clearly identified on the e-mail.
Endnotes: Number endnotes consecutively and place them at the end of the body of the text, before the references. Footnotes should not be used.
Calling References: Surname of author(s) and year of publication within parentheses should be used in the body of the text to call references: (Selmer, 1996). Direct quotations also require page numbers: (Tung, 1982, p123). Use the following format if more than one reference has to be called at the same time: (Tung, 1982; Selmer, 1996).
References: Use a triple spacing before the word REFERENCES. The list of references should include only those sources cited in the text of the paper. References should be listed at the end of the body of the paper. The word REFERENCES should flush to the left margin and bold, in all caps, above the list of references. Order entries alphabetically and adhere to the following format:
Book entries:
Tung, R. L. (1982). Chinese Industrial Society after Mao, Lexington, MA.: D.C. Heath.
Collinson, D. L. and Hearn, J. (eds.) (1996). Men as Managers, Managers as Men, London: Sage.
Journal entries:
Selmer, J. (1996). Expatriate or Local Bosses? HCN Subordinates’ Preferences of Leadership Behaviour, The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 7(1), 164-177.

For electronic articles reference as follows (in reference list)
Example: An E-book:
White,R. and Downs, T.F. (2005), How Computers Work, 8th ed. Indianapolis Que (online) Available from: Safari Tech Books Online [Accessed 16 August 2007]

For electronic articles:( in reference list)
Example : E-journal
Morrison,C. and Jutting,J.(2005) Women’s discrimination in developing countries: a new set for better policies, World Development, July, 33 (7) pp.1065-1081 (online)
Available from Service Direct
[Retrieved 31 July 2005]

For Newspaper Articles: (in reference list)
With author’s name: Ionesco, J. 2001, ‘Federal election: new CHIPP in politics, Advertiser,23 October, p.10.
In body of article:
As Ionesco described ( October,2001)…

For Newspaper Article (without author):
(In reference list):
Advertiser, 2001, ‘Federal election : new CHIPP in politics’, 23 October,p.10
In body of article:
In the Advertiser (23 October 2001,p.10)…
NOTE: The word “the” in English language references is usually omitted , for example, “The Nation’ would be “Nation, The”, under “N” not “T”.

Reference from a thesis: (in the reference list) :
Author’s family name and first name or initials,
Year of publication (if unpublished, indicate this in brackets and put instead the year submitted),
Title of thesis: (in italics)
Designation and type: e.g., Master’s
degree, Faculty of Education,
Institution: Burapha University, Thailand.

There are, of course, other sources of references but the ones indicated are the main ones.
For other types of reference, please look under Harvard Referencing on the web or look at the journal publisher’s guidelines.
Appendices: Any appendices should follow the references and be given alphabetic sequencing. The word APPENDIX should flush to the left margin and bold, in all caps, above the appendix.

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